Kentucky gained the state honor in 1792, becoming the first U.S. state west of the Appalachian Mountains. Frontiersman Daniel Boone was one of Kentucky’s most prominent explorers and many immigrants followed the track he set fire through the Cumberland Gap, known as the Wilderness Road. Kentucky took the side of the Confederacy during the Civil War. Faction was deeply centering the issue, and many Kentucky residents fought for the North, the Unionist. Recognized primarily as an agricultural area into the 20th century, Kentucky is also a major U.S. coal producer and ground of the U.S.military bases Fort Knox and Fort Campbell.
The state also is widely known as the home of the legendary Kentucky Derby horse race and bluegrass music, introduced by Kentucky native Bill Monroe.
Kentucky has borders with seven states, from the Midwest and the Southeast. West Virginia is located to the northeast, Virginia to the east, Tennessee to the south, Missouri to the west, Illinois to the northwest, and Indiana and Ohio to the north.
The state capital Frankfort with the nickname-Bluegrass State. The universal state motto is United we stand, divided we fall.
Kentucky’s main airports connect Louisville International Airport (Standiford Field (SDF)) of Louisville, Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG) of Cincinnati/Covington, and Blue Grass Airport (LEX) in Lexington. Louisville International Airport is home to UPS’s Worldport, its international air-sorting center. Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport is the largest airport in the state, and is a leading city for passenger airline Delta Air Lines. It is one of DHL Aviation’s three super-hubs, serving destinations throughout the world, naming it country’s 7th busiest airport. The airport is also the 36th in the world in terms of passenger and cargo transportations.
The national passenger rail system Amtrak provides services to Ashland, South Portsmouth, Maysville and Fulton. The Cardinal (trains 50 and 51) is the line that offers Amtrak services to Ashland, South Shore, Maysville and South Portsmouth. The City of New Orleans (trains 58 and 59) run to and from Fulton. The Northern Kentucky area is served by the Cardinal at Cincinnati Union Terminal. Norfolk Southern Railway passes through the Central and Southern parts of the Commonwealth, via its Cincinnati, New Orleans, and Texas Pacific (CNO&TP) subsidiary.
Kentucky is surrounded by six major Interstate highways: I-24, I-64, I-65, I-69, I-71, and I-75
Six Spurs: I-165, I-169, I-264, I-265, I-275, and I-471.
The parkways were originally toll roads, but it was ended by the state authority on November 22, 2006. The decision was shown with a positive economic development for transportation in Kentucky. In June 2007, a law was invoked raising the speed limit on rural portions of Kentucky Interstates and parkways from 65 to 70 miles per hour (105 to 113 km/h).
Road tunnels include the interstate Cumberland Gap Tunnel and the rural Nada Tunnel.
Historically, Kentucky is bounded by two largest rivers in North America, waterways played a pivotal role in the field of transportation. Most barge traffic on Kentucky waterways consists of coal that is shipped from both the Eastern and Western Coalfields.
Many of the largest ports in the United States are located in or adjacent to Kentucky, including:
Huntington-Tristate (includes Ashland, Kentucky), largest inland port and 7th largest overall.
Cincinnati-Northern Kentucky, 5th largest inland port and 43rd overall.
Louisville-Southern Indiana, 7th largest inland port and 55th overall.