Gaining the state statehood on June 21, 1788, New Hampshire was the first one to have its own state constitution. Its spirit of independence is epitomized in the state motto–“Live Free or Die.” It plays an important role in national elections, as it is the first state to hold national primaries, and its primary results are thought to influence those in the rest of the nation, giving rise to the saying “As New Hampshire goes, so goes the nation.” It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. New Hampshire is the 5th smallest by area. It is the site of the White Mountains and the famed Mount Washington, one of the windiest places in the nation. The state capital city is Concord.
Amtrak’s Vermonter and Downeaster lines provide long-distance intercity passenger rail service.
The New Hampshire Rail Transit Authority is extending services from Lowell, Massachusetts, to Nashua, Concord, and Manchester, including Manchester-Boston Regional Airport; and “Coastal Corridor” service from Haverhill, Massachusetts, to Plaistow. Tourist railroads include the Conway Scenic Railroad, Hobo-Winnipesaukee Railroad, and the Mount Washington Cog Railway.
Freight railways in New Hampshire include Claremont & Concord Railroad (CCRR), Pan Am Railways via subsidiary Springfield Terminal Railway (ST), the New England Central Railroad (NHCR), the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad (SLR), and New Hampshire Northcoast Corporation (NHN).
New Hampshire has a well-maintained, well-signed and connected network of Interstate highways, U.S. highways, and state highways. Several route numbers align with the same route numbers in neighboring states. State highway numbering is arbitrary, with no overall system as with U.S. and Interstate systems.
Major routes include:
Interstate 89- runs northwest from near Concord to Lebanon on the Vermont border.
Interstate 93- is the main Interstate highway in New Hampshire and runs north from Salem (on the Massachusetts border) to Littleton (on the Vermont border). I-93 connects the more densely populated southern part of the state to the Lakes Region and the White Mountains further to the north.
Interstate 95- runs north–south briefly along New Hampshire’s seacoast to serve the city of Portsmouth, before entering Maine
Major US Highways:
U.S. Route 1 runs north–south briefly along New Hampshire’s seacoast to the east of and paralleling I-95.
U.S. Route 2 runs east–west through Coos County from Maine, intersecting Route 16, skirting the White Mountain National Forest passing through Jefferson and into Vermont.
U.S. Route 3 is the longest numbered route in the state, and the only one to run completely through the state from the Massachusetts border to the Canada–U.S. border. It generally parallels Interstate 93. South of Manchester, it takes a more westerly route through Nashua. North of Franconia Notch, U.S. 3 takes a more easterly route, before terminating at the Canada–U.S. border.
Route 4 terminates at the Portsmouth Traffic Circle and runs east–west across the southern part of the state connecting Durham, Concord, Boscawen and Lebanon.
Major State Route:
New Hampshire Route 16 is a major north–south highway in the eastern part of the state that generally parallels the border with Maine, eventually entering Maine as Maine Route 16. The southernmost portion of NH 16 is a four-lane freeway, co-signed with U.S. Route 4.
New Hampshire Route 101 is a major east–west highway in the southern part of the state that connects Keene with Manchester and the Seacoast region. East of Manchester, NH 101 is a four-lane, limited access highway that runs to Hampton Beach and I-95.
Greyhound, Concord Coach, Vermont Translines and Dartmouth Coach all provide intercity bus connections to and from points in New Hampshire and to long-distance points beyond and in between.
New Hampshire is served by 25 public-use airports, three with some scheduled commercial passenger service. The busiest airport by number of passengers handled is Manchester-Boston Regional Airport in Manchester and Londonderry, which serves the Greater Boston metropolitan area.
These airports also operate cargo services, which is regarded as one of the best in the US, to the rest of the country.
The state is the confluence of a couple of rivers: Nashua and Merrimack. The Port Authority of the state develops and manages the state’s tidal waters in order to stimulate commerce and the shipment of freight through the port.