Maryland located in the Mid-Atlantic region of the eastern coast of the United States, bordering Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean to its east. The largest and commercially important city is Baltimore, and Annapolis is the capital. The state takes occasional nicknames: Old Line State, the Free State, and the Chesapeake Bay State. Maryland was named after the English Queen Henrietta Maria, known in England as Queen Mary.
Maryland gained its statehood on April 28, 1788. The state motto is-Fatti Maschii Parole Femine (“Strong Deeds, Gentle Words”).
Don’t think of its small size only! The small area, compared to other states belies the great variation of its landscapes and nature. Maryland is the leading producer of blue crabs and is renowned for its crab cakes.
The largest airport in Maryland is Baltimore-Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport, widely known as BWI. Other airports with commercial and cargo services are at Hagerstown and Salisbury. Founded in 1909, the country’s oldest airport, the College Park Airport is still operational.
Amtrak trains, including the high speed Acela Express moves to Baltimore’s Penn Station, BWI Airport, New Carrollton, and Aberdeen along the Washington D.C. to Boston Northeast Corridor. What’s more, Amtrak Provides locomotive service to Rockville and Cumberland.
Almost all rail commuting services are connected to BWI Airport in Maryland. The WMATA’s Metrorail rapid transit and Metrobus local bus systems provide service in Montgomery and Prince George’s counties and connect them to Washington D.C., with the express Metrobus Route B30 serving BWI Airport.
The transit services of the Maryland Transit Administration (MTA) are mainly structured focusing on central Maryland, as well as some portions of the Eastern Shore and Southern Maryland. Baltimore’s Light RailLink and Metro SubwayLink systems serve its densely populated inner-city and the surrounding suburbs. The MTA also serves the city and its suburbs with its local bus services for passengers.
Freight rail transport is operated principally by two Class I railroads, as well as several smaller regional and local carriers. Major rail yards are stationed in Baltimore and Cumberland, with an intermodal terminal (rail, truck and marine) in Baltimore.
Maryland’s Interstate highways include 110 miles (180 km) of Interstate 95 (I-95), which runs through Baltimore, and becomes part of the eastern portion of the Capital Beltway to the Woodrow Wilson Bridge.
Other major highways are:
I-68: travels 81 miles (130 km), connecting the western portions of the state. I-70: enters from Pennsylvania north of Hancock and continues to Baltimore connecting Hagerstown and Frederick along the way.
I-83: has 34 miles (55 km) in Maryland and connects Baltimore to southern central Pennsylvania.
There are also several connecting Interstate highways in the state. Maryland also has a state highway system that contains routes numbered from 2 through 999, however most of the higher-numbered routes are either unsigned or are relatively short.
The riverine system of Maryland is a complex network of branches and feeders, some of which are known both as rivers and inlets. Most rivers in Maryland run into the Chesapeake Bay. All of state’s rivers have shaped the way of the development of the State since its emergence.